In our last post, we looked at instances in which the court of appeal considered converting an appeal of an unappealable judgment into an application for a supervisory writ. In this post, we’ll focus on two cases presenting this issue, plus a twist: in both cases, the would-be appellant had already applied for a supervisory writ, but the court of appeal denied the writ.
The first case is MAPP Construction, LLC v. Amerisure Mutual Insurance Co., 2013-1074 (La. App. 1 Cir. 3/24/14), 143 So. 3d 520. Here is the timeline:
- Sept. 25, 2012: The trial court rendered the judgment complained of. The aggrieved party, C & F, filed a timely application for a supervisory writ.
- Feb. 13, 2013: The court of appeal denied the writ application, commenting that the judgment would become appealable once a pending motion for new trial was ruled on.
- Mar. 20, 2013: The trial court denied the motion for new trial, and C & F took a suspensive appeal.
The appeal panel, disagreeing with the writ panel, concluded that the September 25 judgment was not appealable. Id., p. 10, 143 So. 3d at 528. Nevertheless, even though the appeal was taken well beyond the 30-day period to apply for a supervisory writ, the appeal panel converted the appeal into a supervisory writ. Why? “Because C & F initially filed a timely supervisory writ application and we find clear error in the trial court's second judgment that will create a grave injustice iif not corrected, we will convert the appeal to an application for a supervisory writ, grant the writ, and review the second judgment rendered on September 25, 2012.” Id., pp. 10–11, 143 So. 3d at 528. Thus, the prior writ application, although denied, helped persuade the court to convert the later appeal into a writ application.
In Kirby v. Poydras Center, LLC, 2015-0027 (La. App. 4 Cir. 9/23/15), 176 So. 3d 601, the court reached the opposite conclusion, declining to convert an appeal into an application for supervisory writ because of its prior denial of a writ application from the same judgment. After rendition of the judgment complained of, the aggrieved party simultaneously appealed and applied for a supervisory writ. The writ panel denied the application. Later, the appeal panel decided not to convert the appeal into an application for supervisory writ because of the prior writ denial. The court reasoned that converting the appeal into a writ application would be “repetitious,” suggesting a rule of one writ application per customer for any particular judgment. Id., p. 12, 176 So. 3d at 608.
So what is the lesson here? A prior writ application, though denied, may help persuade the court to convert a later appeal into a writ application. Or it may have the opposite effect. When review is discretionary (as it always is with writ applications), nothing is certain.